Scientists In Action

Scientists Arthur H. Compton, E.O. Lawrence, J. Robert Oppenheimer, and Enrico Feri  offered their recommendation on military use. They recommended that before the weapns are used by Britain, Russia, France, or China they should be advised that they have made progress in their work on atomic weapons and that these weapons will be ready to use during wartime. The scientist welcomed suggestions on how they can cooperate in making the development contribute to improved international relations; since they promoted a satisfactory adjustment of their international relations. In developing the weapons they recognized their obligation to their nation to help save American lives in the Japanses war.

 The opinions of the scientific colleagues ranged. Some wanted to outlaw the use of atomic weapons and feared that if they used the weapons now America's position in future negotiations will be prejudiced. In contrast other scientists emphasized the opportunity of saving American lives by immediate military use and they believed it would improve the international prospects. They stated that they have no proprietary rights and no claim to special competence in solving the social, military problems which were presented by the advent of atomic power.

Some of the scientists who disagreed with the atomic bomb contradicted America's goal to be victorious in the war. America viewed the atomic bomb as being helpful to their motive of success. Although there was disagreement  among the scientists America did not have sympathy for their protests. America's mind was wrapped around the concept of winning the war.